Sun and skin: How UV rays affect the skin

how to care your face skin in summer time

You have probably heard from beauticians or doctors more than once, or have read in some magazines, that you need extra care for your skin during the summer. Therefore, in this article you will learn why it is recommended, how your skin is affected by sunlight and how to take care of it properly.

Excessive UVB sunlight can burn our skin. However, UVA penetrates deeper into the skin. When UV rays penetrate skin cells, they disrupt stable processes that affect skin growth and appearance. Over time, due to UV exposure, the skin loses elasticity and begins to wrinkle and dry. Studies show that the more sunlight reaches our skin, the sooner the skin begins to age. However, the skin tries to prevent aging, and probably too often noticed that the skin is starting to peel. It is at this point that old skin that has lost its good properties due to sun exposure is being removed. Unfortunately, as the skin ages, it becomes more difficult to regenerate. Over time, UV damage can severely damage your skin and lower connective tissue. This causes even more wrinkles.

The best way to protect your skin and prevent skin diseases caused by sunlight is to avoid prolonged exposure to the sun and to deal with indirect sunlight. Wear protective clothing and sunglasses. And from 10am to 3pm, use strong sunscreens, and better not be in the sun at all.

The letters SPF on creams indicate the level of sunscreen it comes in at 15, 30, and 50. Sunscreens labeled with SPF 15 mean that you sunburn 15 times slower than applying the sunscreen. SPF 30 means you will have to spend 30 times more time in the sun to burn. The effectiveness of sunscreen is affected by several factors. The active ingredients in the sun cream can degrade over time, so be sure to check the shelf life of the packaging. How often and how much oil you apply affects sun protection. Spending time in water and sweating can reduce the effectiveness of sun creams.

It only takes 10 to 15 minutes of sunshine a day to absorb vitamin D. A cloudy day or darker skin color can reduce vitamin D production, so you need more time to get vitamin D in the sun. However, you can also get vitamin D from foods or supplements. It is best if you consult your family doctor or you are not lacking in this vitamin.

Take care of yourself and take a sunscreen while walking by the sea. After all, you don’t want to go anywhere after the rest of your vacation on the first day.